Symposium on Challenges Deriving from Advancement of IT

Sponsor
Subcommittee on Challenges Posed by IT, Committee on Informatics, Science Council of Japan
Co-sponsor
National Institute of Informatics
Supporters
Information Processing Society of Japan, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology
Date / time
August 9, 2017. 10:30-17:15
Venue
Auditorium at Science Council of Japan (7-22-34 Roppongi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan)
Access
The exit No. 5 of the Nogizaka station, Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line

Overview

Advancement of science and technology has brought us great benefits. However, it has also posed new challenges that have not been seen in the past. In 2015, the Committee on Informatics launched a new sub-committee to identify benefits and drawbacks of science and technology through conversation with citizens. The goal of the sub-committee is to contrast benefits and drawbacks of science and technology, cases to overcome the drawbacks, societal impact of science and technology, and impact of regulations on development of science, technology, society and economy, to suggest how they should be. Information technology (IT) is one of the domains, where the benefits and drawbacks of science and technology are causing serious problems. Since IT is rapidly evolving and is also widely used in daily lives of ordinary people, the drawbacks in this domain are causing serious societal problems. The goal of this symposium is to suggest how IT should be through discussion of its benefits and drawbacks.

Program (might be slightly changed)

(Symposium Chair) Teruo Higashino (Member of the Section III of the Science Council of Japan, Osaka University)

10:30-10:45
Opening remarks
Masaru Kitsuregawa (Member of the Section III of the Science Council of Japan, Head of National Institute of Informatics)
10:45-11:15
Talk "Legal Framawork for the World where a Number of AIs Work Together"
Osamu Sudo (The University of Tokyo)
11:15-12:00
Talk "How Advancement of AI Changes People's Jobs"
Kotaro Kuwazu (Research Director, Nomura Research Institute)
12:00-13:15
(Lunch / Break)
13:15-14:00
Talk "Transparency and Accountability of Algorithmic Systems"
Nozha Boujemaa (Research Director at INRIA, Director of Convergence Institute I2DRIVE (Interdisciplinary Institute for Data Research: Intelligence, Value and Ethics, Head of TransAlgo National Scientific Platform for Transparency and Accountability of Algorithmic Systems))
Abstract: Data are everywhere in personal and professional environment. Algorithms making sense from these data are pervasive in more and more digital services. Rising benefits from Big Data and AI technologies have wide impact on our economy and social organization (autonomous cars, conversational agents, health-care and well-being or public services etc). Transparency and ethics of such algorithmic systems (conjunction of data and algorithms) become increasingly important properties for trust and appropriation of digital services. The development of transparent and accountable-by-design data management and analytics methods, geared towards humans, is very challenging for data science and AI research communities and represent competitiveness factors for industry players. An overview of these challenges will be presented together with the sate of play at the international level.
14:00-14:25
Talk "Challenges and Possible Solutions of Artificial Intelligence Research"
Koichi Hori (The University of Tokyo)
14:25-14:50
Talk "Privacy Preservation: Technology and Prospect"
Hiroshi Nakagawa (The University of Tokyo, RIKEN)
14:50-15:15
Talk "Current State and Prospect of Materials Informatics"
Satoshi Ito (National Institute for Materials Science)
15:15-15:40
Break
15:40-16:00
Talk "How to Associate with Artificial Intelligence?"
Yuko Harayama (Member of the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation)
Abstract: The history of human beings has proceeded with interaction of technological advancement and social innovations. Since the 17th century, science has also been involved in this relationship, causing the industrial evolution and the recent data driven society.
While the automation of labor has improved efficiency of production, it has also reduced employment at the micro level. In addition, the technologies that bring convenience to the society were sometimes used in unexpected ways. Thus science and technology have evolved, accompanied with both advantages and drawbacks. The digitization, growing networks, and penetration of artificial intelligence technology have great societal impact due to their speed and scope. The technological advancement is going far beyond the social acceptance and regulations, making a significant gap between them. Given the difficult situation where we cannot envision solutions on the extention of the paths we followed in the past, an important question posed to us would be how to associate well with science and technology. This talk investigates this issue based on the discussion at the "Gathering on Social Intelligence and Human Society" in the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation.
16:00-16:05
(Preparation of panel discussion)
16:05-17:10
Panel Discussion
  • Hiroto Yasuura (Member of the Section III of the Science Council of Japan, Director and Vicepresident of Kyushu University)
  • Nozha Boujemaa(Research Director at INRIA)
  • Koichi Hori (Professor, The University of Tokyo)
  • Hiroshi Nakagawa (The University of Tokyo, RIKEN)
  • Yuko Harayama (Member of the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation)

  • Masaru Kitsuregawa (Member of the Section III of the Science Council of Japan, Head of National Institute of Informatics)
17:10-17:15
Closing remarks
Hiroto Yasuura (Member of the Section III of the Science Council of Japan, Director and Vicepresident of Kyushu University)

Contact

Teruo Higashino (Osaka University)
higashino [at] ist.osaka-u.ac.jp

Registration

Send the following information via e-mail to e-science-sec [at] nii.ac.jp.

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Please send your application to:

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